The Council for Higher Education
The Council for Higher Education (CHE) is a statutory corporation that was established by the Higher Education Law 5718-1958 and it is the State institution responsible for higher education in Israel, carrying out its functions according to the authorities vested in it by this Law. The Council for Higher Education draws up policy for the higher education system in the State.
The council is composed of twenty-five members including the Chairman, who is the Minister of Education ex officio. The Chairman of the Planning and Budgeting Committee and the Chairman of the National Association of Students are also members of the council by virtue of their positions. At least two-thirds of the council members are individuals of recognized stature in the field of higher education and the rest are public figures. Council members are appointed by the President of the State upon the recommendation of the government for a period of five years.
The Planning and Budgeting Committee (PBC)
The PBC is a committee of the Council and its executive arm, established by a government resolution. The committee was established in 1974, after the CHE delegated its authority in issues of budgeting to it. The Chairman of the PBC is a member of the CHE by virtue of his position, and he presents reports to the CHE during its meetings about the PBC's activities. The Council appoints the Chairman for a period of three years with the possibility of extending the appointment for an additional three years.
The Committee is composed of seven members (including the Chairman): four are professors (two from the social sciences and humanities and two from the exact and engineering sciences); two are representatives of the public; and one senior faculty member of a budgeted college. PBC members are appointed by the Council for a period of three years (with the possibility of extending the appointment for a further three years), after being proposed by the Chairman of the Council, and chosen by secret ballot.